Some of my relatives owned a nursery and were confident that the transplanting of trees and other large rooted shrubs fare better planted in cooler weather, without the threat of a long, possibly dry and a very hot season before them. (How many have planted something with high hopes, only to see it wither and die without careful vigilance in watering?) Some of us are still in the window of successful planting, and since fruit and nut trees may take up to three to five years to bear, you might want to get rolling on this project.
Depending upon your preferences for fruit, nut or berries, you have to consider your climate and what zone you live in, generally determined by your first and last frost dates.
You can buy mail order “bareroot” trees (cheaper and larger variety of species) or you can go to a nursery and buy pre-dug stock. Some mail orders also send potted plants/trees.
Bareroot trees are so named because the plants are dug from the ground when they’re dormant (leafless), usually in fall, and their roots are shaken free of soil. Kept cool, with their roots packed in moist material, such as damp sawdust, bareroot plants are easy to store and ship in good condition. They can be ordered for either fall or earlyspring shipment. Mail-order nurseries selling bareroot trees often have wider selections than do local nurseries. Such trees may cost from one-third to onehalf as much as a same-sized container-grown tree. If you’re buying a named variety of a plant, it will be genetically identical and will grow equally well in other regions where it is hardy.
The best advice I ever got about planting a balled tree is to dig the hole not only a foot deeper than the ball; but at least two feet wider (around all sides) as roots tend to spread horizontally, as soil density allows.
The benefit of buying from a nursery is that you are guaranteed stock that is grown in your area successfully. If you are buying fruit trees, you have to do some research about pollination.Self fruitful (self pollinating) trees may do better with other varieties planted near them. Some trees require a “male” and “female” of the same species.