This is where ‘Naughty and Nice lists’ come from.
New York Times Opinion writer Laura Poitras interviewed William Binney for an article there titled ‘The Program’. In her article she relates him telling her about Stellar Wind, the N.S.A.’s top-secret domestic spying program begun after September 11, 2001. She says:
The decision must have been made in September 2001,” Mr. Binney told me and the cinematographer Kirsten Johnson. “That’s when the equipment started coming in.” In this Op-Doc, Mr. Binney explains how the program he created for foreign intelligence gathering was turned inward on this country. He resigned over this in 2001 and began speaking out publicly in the last year. He is among a group of N.S.A. whistle-blowers, including Thomas A. Drake, who have each risked everything — their freedom, livelihoods and personal relationships — to warn Americans about the dangers of N.S.A. domestic spying.
Binney—one of the best mathematicians and code breakers in NSA history—worked for the Defense Department’s foreign signals intelligence agency for 32 years before resigning in late 2001 because he “could not stay after the NSA began purposefully violating the Constitution.”
Poitras has done a video about all this. It is available for viewing at the link above. In it Binney says that the program was begun under the George W. Bush administration. In this video from an interview with him on Russia Today he claims that the Obama administration has strengthened the program.
Wikipedia has a report on Binney’s ‘Trailblazer Project’ that includes the following which appears to support Binney’s claims:
In 2005, President George W. Bush ordered the FBI to find whoever had disclosed information about the NSA electronic surveillance program and its disclosure in the New York Times. Eventually, this investigation led to the people who had filed the 2002 DoD IG request, even though they had nothing to do with the New York Times disclosure. In 2007, the houses of Roark, Binney, and Wiebe were raided by armed FBI agents. According to Mayer, Binney claims the FBI pointed guns at his head and that of his wife. Wiebe said it reminded him of the Soviet Union. None of these people were ever charged with any crime. Four months later, Drake was raided in November 2007 and his computers and documents were confiscated.”